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When To Help A Baby Bird, And When To Leave It Alone

Hatchling, nestling, fledgling? An expert and simple guide for determining if the bird you find in your yard needs your intervention.

By Vicki Croke

sparrow in hand

This baby sparrow, found on the ground, had no parents feeding him over an entire day, so he was placed with a rehabilitator. Photo: Christen Goguen.

There’s an old joke that goes:

Q: What’s the definition of a rescued wild animal?

A: Anything that couldn’t run faster than the well-intentioned human chasing it.

It’s not only funny (well, we think it is), it’s a good reminder of what NOT to do now during baby bird season.

sparrow in grass

This baby sparrow, found on the ground, was fed by his parents. He was flying in no time. Photo: Christen Goguen.

This is the time when you might just come across a little helpless looking chick on the ground and want to help. Generally, the advice is to leave the baby alone. As Mass Audubon says, “Most of the time it’s best to do nothing.”

But since it’s so hard to resist doing SOMETHING, the experts have some good advice and guidelines:

First, assess for injury. If the bird looks like it’s been attacked by a cat or other animal, for instance, you can call a wildlife rehabilitator in your area.

sparrow in yard

Yet another baby sparrow, found on the ground, was left alone–his parents knew where he was and fed him regularly. Photo: Christen Goguen.

Age plays an important role in figuring out what to do. Mass Audubon explains:

Determine Age
Baby birds go through three stages:
Hatchling (usually 0-3 days old). It hasn’t yet opened its eyes, and may have wisps of down on its body. It’s not ready to leave the nest.


Nestling (usually 3-13 days old). Its eyes are open, and its wing feathers may look like tubes because they’ve yet to break through their protective sheaths. It’s also not ready to leave the nest.


Fledgling (13-14 days old or older). This bird is fully feathered. Its wings and tail may be short, and it may not be a great flyer, but it can walk, hop, or flutter. It has left the nest, though its parents may be nearby, taking good care of it.


Help Hatchlings and Nestlings

If you find a hatchling or a nestling on the ground and you can see its nest, you should try to safely return it. Contrary to popular belief, birds do not have a well-developed sense of smell. Therefore, the parents won’t know if a young bird has been touched by people and will not abandon their young.


If there’s no nest, you can make one by fastening a small wicker basket (sides no higher than 4 inches) to a branch. Cut two pieces of wire to 18 inch lengths and thread them up through the bottom of the basket and down again. Line the basket with dry grass, and securely wire it to the top of a branch in the same tree or shrub as the nest. Place the bird inside the basket.

Cornell says most of the baby birds people find are fledglings:

These are young birds that have just left the nest, are still under the care of their parents, and do not need our help. Fledglings are feathered and capable of hopping or flitting, with toes that can tightly grip your finger or a twig. These youngsters are generally adorable and fluffy, with a tiny stub of a tail.


When fledglings leave their nest they rarely return, so even if you see the nest it’s not a good idea to put the bird back in—it will hop right back out. Usually there is no reason to intervene at all beyond putting the bird on a nearby perch out of harm’s way and keeping pets indoors. The parents may be attending to four or five young scattered in different directions, but they will return to care for the one you have found. You can watch from a distance to make sure the parents are returning to care for the fledgling.

9 Responses to “When To Help A Baby Bird, And When To Leave It Alone”

  1. Clint

    Very good to know. Thank you…again! And it makes me think of what might possibly make a story: why do we never see baby seagulls? Where are they!!?

    • W. Marc

      They are on the roof terraces of our building. The nests can hardly be called nests, a few sticks, rocks, even a chicken bone randomly dropped in a spot.

  2. Sally D

    Nice article to be shared with do-gooder friends!

    When I was a kid a ruby-crowned kinglet made a nest in a spruce tree right outside our dining room window. One day we experienced a particularly severe downpour, and the tree was offering scant protection. My mother went out and tucked an open umbrella above the nest. I have long thought that her protective act probably visited enough stress on the mother bird to have been more harm than good, but now I’m wondering? Do baby birds ever drown in nests in heavy rain?

  3. Marie

    A mamma bird had 3 babies in a hanging plant in my porch over the days ive seen the mamma coming and going since we had a. Storm last night i haven’t seen her at all today ! What can i do ? They are in the nest with eyes open and mouths open help please

  4. Shea

    I have watched these doves lay 4 times. This pair has gotten big enough to fledge…then one died unexpectedly. The other baby fledged shortly after his sibling fell from the nest. Now it’s dark,cold and he’s sitting on my fence all alone. I’m worried about him. I’m guessing I should leave him be…as hard as it is…especially after watching the other baby die.

  5. Scott

    I didn’t know that birds don’t have a well-developed sense of smell. I had always heard that if you touched them in any way then the mother bird won’t care for them anymore. A couple years ago a couple baby ducks were hanging out in my yard. My children wanted to play with them, but I told them that the mother wouldn’t care for them if they touched them. Does the same thing apply to ducks as well?

  6. Anonymous

    Good info, we just found a fledgling in the back yard and were wanting to help it but we keep an eye out instead and keep dogs from backyard. Thanks again


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